A sett of skills based on an individual's perseverance of effort combined with the passion for a particular long-term goal or end state.

Grit in psychology is a sett of skills based on an individual's perseverance (resilience) of effort combined with the passion for a particular long-term goal or end state (a powerful motivation to achieve an objective – achievement striving). This perseverance of effort promotes the overcoming of obstacles or challenges (overcome fear) that lie on the path to accomplishment and serves as a driving force in achievement realization (growth).

Resilience "the ability of people, communities, and systems to maintain their core purpose and integrity among unforeseen shocks and surprises". Resilience is a dynamic combination of optimism, creativity, and confidence, which together empower one to reappraise situations and regulate emotion – a behavior many social scientists refer to as "hardiness" or "grit". Resilience is the powering mechanism that draws your head up, moves you forward, and helps you persevere despite whatever obstacles you face along the way. In other words, gritty people believe, "everything will be alright in the end, and if it is not alright, it is not the end".

Achievement-oriented people works tirelessly, tries to do a good job, and completes the task at hand, whereas the dependable person is more notably self-controlled and conventional. So, a self-controlled person who may never step out of line may fail to reach the same heights as their more mercurial friends. In other words, in the context of grit and success, there's more important to go for the gold rather than just show up for practice. However, one of the distinctions between someone who succeeds and someone who is just spending a lot of time doing something: practice must have purpose. That's where long-term goals come in. They provide the context and framework in which to find the meaning and value of your long-term efforts, which helps cultivate drive, passion and grit.

Perfection versus Excellence: In general, gritty people don’t seek perfection, but instead strive for excellence. Anxiety, low self-esteem, obsessive compulsive disorder, substance abuse, and clinical depression are only a few of the conditions ascribed to "perfectionism". To be clear, those are ominous barriers to success. Excellence is an attitude, not an endgame. The word excellence is derived from the Greek word Arête which is bound with the notion of fulfillment of purpose or function and is closely associated with virtue. It is far more forgiving, allowing and embracing failure and vulnerability on the ongoing quest for improvement. It allows for disappointment, and prioritizes progress over perfection.

In order to measure your grit awareness, TalEction have developed a skill test indicating your level of grit: low (1-4), medium (4-6) and high (7-9).

Level of GritDescription
HighStamina, goal oriented, resilient, passion, positive emotions, activity, achievement oriented, excitement seeking, ideas, liberal, courage, risk-taker, emotional stabel.

Take a BIG 5 test and compare the results with your Grit awareness results. Do you have a Grit personality? How aware are you to Grit?
Grit and BIG 5 tensions:
Thirty studies, analyzing resilience, with a total sample size of 15,609 met the inclusion criteria to be used for the current meta-analyzes. Results indicated that overall, estimated average correlation coefficients for resilience were: r = −0.46 with neuroticism r = 0.42 for Extraversion, r = 0.34 for

Several other meta -studies indicate the following tensions between goal orientation and BIG 5:

  1. Payne et al. (2007): .18, .29, .44, .19, .32 (NEOAC)
  2. Bipp, Steinmayr, and Spinath (2008): .06, .22, .40, .26, .11
  3. Chen and Zhang (2011): .21, .28, .39, .18, .46
  4. Corker et al. (2012): .14, .11, .16, .20, .36
  5. Day, Radosevich, and Chasteen (2003): .12, .11, .33, .20, .23
  6. High/low correlations: High: O, C, Low: N

Hypothetical-deductive reasoning (the deductive power of people): (K.O. McCabe et al. / Journal of Research in Personality 47 (2013) 698–707)

H1. Mastery-approach goals have an overall positively-valenced trait and facet profile, comprising positive relations with extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Mastery-approach goals had the most positive trait-goal relations, with positive relations with extraversion (b = .16, p = .001), agreeableness (b = .14, p = .008), and conscientiousness (b = .32, p < .001). However, the hypothesized relation with openness to experience was not significant (b = .08, ns). These results mostly support Hypothesis 1.

H2. Performance-avoidance goals have an overall negatively valenced trait and facet profile, comprising a positive relation with neuroticism and a negative relation with conscientiousness. Performance-avoidance goals had a strong, positive relation with neuroticism (b = .21, p < .001), but the expected negative relation with conscientiousness (b = .03, ns) was not found. These findings give partial support for Hypothesis 2. Furthermore, the hypothesized negatively-valenced profile was further supported with negative relations with openness to experience (b = .16, p = .001) and agreeableness (b = .11, p = .04).

H3. Performance-approach goals have an overall mixed valence trait and facet profile, comprising positive relations with neuroticism and conscientiousness and a negative relation with agreeableness. Performance-approach goals had the anticipated mixed-valence personality profile. Specifically, performance-approach goals had a positive relation with neuroticism (b = .15, p < .003) and conscientiousness (b = .13, p = .009), and a (marginal) negative relation with agreeableness (b = .10, p = .057), so Hypothesis 3 was supported. Unexpectedly, we found, in comparison to the other relations, a rather strong negative relation with openness to experience (b = .19, p < .001).

H4. Mastery-avoidance goals have a primarily negatively-valenced trait and facet profile, comprising a positive relation with neuroticism and a negative relation with conscientiousness. Finally, we found the predicted positive relation between mastery-avoidance goals and neuroticism (b = .15, p < .01), but the link with conscientiousness was positive (b = .11, p < .05) rather than negative, so that Hypothesis 4 was only partially supported. Furthermore, we found an unexpected positive relation with extraversion (b = .13, p = .002). Like the performance-approach goals, the valence of the trait profile of mastery-avoidance goals is in between the two extremes of mastery-approach goals and performance-avoidance goals.

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Grit is one out of 5 most important skills for the future: Curiosity, Assertiveness, Grit, Empathy, Sense of Urgency – CAGES.

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